Trees need to be pruned correctly. When trees are pruned in the right way they remain healthy and are encouraged to grow with the correct form. A tree should be a thing of beauty, balanced and in proportion to its surroundings, with its natural form and shape enhanced. This is not easy to achieve and requires experts with many years of experience. At Tree Amigos we have excellent contractors with a wealth of knowledge and experience. They apply their skill to trees of any species and size.
Poor pruning can have disastrous results. A tree can go into rapid decline leading to premature death. They look unsightly and can become unstable and unsafe.
Some of the most common pruning techniques we apply are outlined here:
This type of pruning is designed to promote a strong, healthy tree with good form and balance. It is usually carried out on younger trees. Dead and diseased growth is pruned out as well as crossing, weak and wayward growth. Co-dominant stems can often be singled out at this early stage.
Lower growth is removed to create more space beneath the tree crown. This is a common technique for allowing natural light into the area close to the tree. It can allow access along paths, roads and drives, or open up a view beyond the tree.
This operation is applied to reduce the density of a tree’s crown and so allow better penetration of natural light through the crown and to surrounding garden or property. A proportion of inner branches are removed without altering the overall height, spread or shape of a tree.
This is undertaken for a number of reasons. The overall height and spread of a tree can be reduced to allow a tree to fit into an available space, particularly in a crowded urban environment. Sometimes trees develop very heavy limbs that may be at risk of breaking . A reduction can reduce the weight in heavy limbs preventing limb failure.
Some trees can be at risk of wind throw. This can be for a number of reasons. The crown is too large (the “sail effect”) or a defect in the main stem or root damage through disease or careless ground works.
This is the practice of removing the tree crown to a specific height or back to pollard points on an established pollard tree. It is the most severe form of pruning and whilst not appropriate in many situations it is a credible form of pruning for certain purposes. Many of our street trees such as Limes and London Planes are periodically pruned in this way. Indeed some of our oldest parkland veterans were once pollarded trees. Older pollarded trees can provide varied and dynamic eco-systems.
Although this term is not found in the current British Standard the practice is still a very useful operation in tree management. This term means the removal of all dead wood and broken branches, also accumulated debris such as squirrel dreys, old tree houses and Ivy or other climbing plants are removed. Sad looking neglected trees can often be transformed into great looking specimens in this way.
Smaller trees are routinely felled and removed for a variety of different reasons. This can usually be achieved quickly with minimum disruption to the garden or site.
On occasion it is necessary to remove very large trees. Often where they have become unsafe through disease or decay. These operations require particular skill and expertise as well as specialist machinery such as mobile elevated work platforms (MEWP) and cranes.
In most circumstances we will recommend replacement planting where it has been necessary to remove a tree.
We often recommend replacement planting and you can find out more about this service on our Tree Planting page.
Typically larger trees will need to be dismantled in pieces. This is sometimes called sectional felling which involves a tree surgeon lowering parts of the tree to the ground in a safe and controlled manner with specialist rigging techniques and equipment. Our contractors are trained and certificated in these techniques. We have been undertaking these operations for many years and have the best equipment to do this work safely and efficiently.
All of our rigging equipment is thoroughly inspected and renewed at regular intervals.
Our experience has shown that sometimes a crane is the safest and most cost effective solution for large tree removals. This is another area where we have considerable experience.
Tree stumps are removed for many reasons. We can remove stumps of any size quickly and conveniently. The machine is narrow enough to access most situations and powerful enough to deal with large tree stumps. We can grind them down well below surface level. This makes space for replanting or new landscaping or simply removes unsightly stumps and trip hazards from your garden.
There are other benefits to stump grinding such as the control of diseases like Honey Fungus. This is a common root disease that relies on dead woody material in the ground to thrive. Thorough stump removal can play an important role in limiting the spread of Honey Fungus.
The mulch-like material that results from grinding stumps can be composted and recycled within a garden.
Contact us today to arrange a free consultation and written quotation. You will receive prompt attention and expert advice.
Tree Amigos have the expertise and experience to provide a first class tree planting service.
We can advise on the species that will be suitable for gardens, parks and commercial sites whatever your particular soil and site conditions are. We can provide trees to provide screening, ornamental or wildlife benefits - from standard sized trees up to semi-mature specimens.
All of our trees are sourced from the best suppliers and planted with the care and attention needed to ensure they establish well and thrive for many years to come.
We provide a full range of consultancy services from report writing to liaison with local authority over planning issues.
We have an expert knowledge of trees in relation to construction and regularly consult to construction companies. We act as consulting arborists to provide reports, supervise works and ensure planning conditions are satisfied.
We have a wide range of experts who are capable of diagnosing diseases and recommending a suitable course of action.
Through carefully chosen associated specialists, we can also provide a full range of consultancy services including:
We can help you obtain permission for your tree work.
Trees, hedges and woodlands can be legally protected in a number of different ways and it is important to be sure that any tree work you are considering does not fall foul of the legislation. Your local planning authority (LPA) will be able to advise you if your trees are protected. We always check for any tree protection measures before we arrange to do any tree work.
Contrary to popular belief no species or size of tree has automatic protection although any tree may be protected if it meets certain criteria. Trees and woodlands are protected in 3 main ways:
If your trees are protected or grow within a Conservation Area then it will be necessary to make an application or give notice to the local authority. The relevant forms can be downloaded from the LPA and there is no charge for making an application. Most of our customers prefer to leave this to us. This is a service we are pleased to provide and we generally make no charge for a straightforward notice or application.
However, if your proposed tree work is contentious or involves a number of trees we would be pleased to handle this for a reasonable cost. We have a good working relationship with all local authorities in our area and generally obtain consent for our clients without any problems. You can contact us today to arrange a free consultation to obtain detailed advice, information and costs.
Tree Preservation Orders (TPOs) are made under the Town and Country Planning Act 1990 and the Town and Country Planning (Trees) Regulations 1999. Local authorities create TPO's to safeguard trees with a sufficiently high amenity value. Hedges cannot be protected with a TPO. TPO's are often made when there is a perceived threat to a tree or group of trees and generally come into effect immediately. It is possible for TPOs to be created within a day in urgent cases although a six month period follows before they can be confirmed and made permanent. Anyone who may be affected by the TPO will be notified and invited to comment within 28 days of the date of the order.
A TPO prevents the felling, lopping, topping, uprooting or otherwise willful damage of trees without the permission of the local planning authority. This includes any form of tree surgery or pruning and also damage to the root systems of protected trees. Occasionally consent will be given to remove protected trees but there will usually be a requirement to replant. The LPA is able to enforce replanting if necessary. Local authorities can and do prosecute where unauthorized works are carried out to protected trees. Substantial fines can be imposed.
Some works are exempt from the TPO legislation although it is still advisable to give 5 days notice before undertaking any exempt works. Work that is exempt includes:
There are four types of TPO as follows:
A Tree Preservation Order is a public document and will be available for inspection at your local planning authority office. The document will include a schedule that details the type of TPO and usually the species of trees included. The document will also include a map showing tree locations or the geographical area of a TPO. A copy of the document can usually be purchased.
Before undertaking any work on trees within a designated Conservation Area a notice must be submitted to the local authority. Again, the relevant form is available from the LPA. This notice gives the LPA 6 weeks in which to consider the work that is proposed. They may decide to create a TPO if they feel the work would be detrimental and that the trees are of sufficiently high amenity value. Alternatively, the LPA may opt to take no action and after the 6 week notice period has passed the work can proceed. If the work has not been done within two years, a new notice will need to be submitted.
Trees below 7.5 cm girth measured at 1.5 metres above ground level can be removed or worked on without any requirement to give notice. Also trees below 10 cm girth measured at the same height can be removed as part of a thinning operation undertaken for the benefit of surrounding trees.
The LPA is able to making planning conditions on trees and hedges. This is usually done in conjunction with planning consent for development or other building work. These conditions are generally designed to maintain trees and hedges for a limited period whilst new planting and landscaping matures. Most planning conditions of this type expire after 5 years but this can vary.
Unlike with TPO's a planning condition can be applied to hedges and may require a hedge to be maintained at a specified height. Removal of trees and hedges subject to a planning condition may be allowed by the LPA in certain circumstances, for example if other planting is proposed or if new planting has established well.